Income and Democracy: Revisiting the Evidence,

Cristian Bartolucci (Collegio Carlo Alberto)
Enrique Moral-Benito (Bank of Spain)

Abstract: It is well-known in the literature that income per capita is strongly correlated with the level of democracy across countries. In an influential paper, Acemoglu et al. (2008) find that this linear correlation disappears once they control for country-specific effects focusing on within-country variation. In this paper we find evidence of a non-linear effect from income to democracy even after controlling for country-specific effects. While a positive effect emerges for poor countries, this effect vanishes for rich countries.

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